Transperineal Ultrasound Approach to Diagnose Anal Sphincter Defects

Learning Objective(s)
After watching this activity in collaboration with the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA), you should be able to:

  • Describe anal sphincter defects and their impact on affected patients;
  • Discuss the benefits of ultrasound in diagnosing anal sphincter defects; and
  • Compare the accuracy of transperineal and endoanal ultrasound methods.

Faculty: Yvette Groszmann, MD, MPH, FAIUM (AIUM moderator); Jenny King, MD (IUGA Moderator); Fernandi Moegni, MD (speaker); Osana Wan, MD (speaker)

Available Credit: 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™/1 ARRT Category A credit(s). Upon completion of the learning activity, you will have 1 attempt to successfully pass the post-test with a score of at least 80% and claim your certificate.

AIUM Member: $0
Nonmember: $0

Join the AIUM today to access and earn for free.

Your fee includes access to the content and the opportunity to submit the CME test. 

As of August 1, 2020, you will have 1 attempt to successfully pass the post-test with a score of at least 80% and claim your certificate.

Components visible upon registration.

Release Date: 01/26/2023
Expiration Date: 01/26/2026

AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)

The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The AIUM designates this internet activity enduring material for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

AIUM Ultrasound Practice Accreditation

This activity can be used to meet part of relevant AIUM Training Guidelines and/or maintenance credits for accreditation purposes. Learn more about AIUM Ultrasound Practice Accreditation here.

ARRT Category A Credit 

The AIUM is a Recognized Continuing Education Evaluation Mechanism (RCEEM) for the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). The AIUM is the owner and sponsor of this activity. This activity is approved by the AIUM for ARRT Category A credit. This CE activity may be available in multiple formats or from different CE sponsors. ARRT does not allow CE activities (e.g., Internet courses, home study programs, directed readings, live lectures) to be repeated for CE credit in the same CE biennium.

Additional Credit Information

  • American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS). The ARDMS accepts AMA PRA Category 1 CME Credit(s)™.

Documenting CME Credits

All participants who pass the post-test have access to a CME certificate. The AIUM will submit credits to the ARDMS for active AIUM membership accounts with a valid ARDMS ID number. It is the participant’s responsibility to ensure credit accuracy and adherence to any audit requests.

Disclosure Policy

In accordance with the ACCME’s Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education, all individuals in control of content must disclose any financial relationship(s) or other relationship(s) held within the past 24 months. The AIUM implements a mechanism to identify and mitigate all conflicts of interest prior to delivering the educational activity to learners.

Disclosures for this Activity

  • Yvette Groszmann, no relevant financial relationships to disclose
  • Jenny King, no relevant financial relationships to disclose
  • Ashley McDermott, no relevant financial relationships to disclose
  • Fernandi Moegni, no relevant financial relationships to disclose
  • Osana Wan, no relevant financial relationships to disclose

Yvette S. Groszmann, MD, MPH, FAIUM

Director of Gynecologic Ultrasound

Diagnostic Ultrasound Associates

Director of Gynecologic Ultrasound
Diagnostic Ultrasound Associates
Lecturer in Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine 
Harvard Medical School

Yvette S. Groszmann, MD, MPH, completed a residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia. In 2009, she left general ob-gyn practice to pursue a fellowship in ob-gyn diagnostic ultrasound with Dr Benacerraf and is now an expert sonologist in early pregnancy and gynecologic ultrasound. She is a fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, a Fellow of the American Institute of Ultrasound (AIUM), Vice President of the American Institute of Ultrasound (AIUM), Chair of the AIUM Gynecology Community of Practice, and a lecturer at Harvard Medical School. She teaches gynecologic ultrasound to the Brigham and Women’s ob-gyn residents and REI fellows, has co-authored a textbook on gynecologic ultrasound, and lectures nationally and internationally.

Jenny King (IUGA Moderator)


Urogynaecologist, director of the Pelvic Floor Unit Westmead Hospital, Sydney. Chair of the Education Committee for the International Urogynecology Association and chair of the Continence Foundation of New South Wales. Awarded Order of Australia Medal in 2017 for services to urogynaecology.

Fernandi Moegni (Presenter)


Dr. Fernandi Moegni is head of Obstetric and Gynecology Specialist Training Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia. He is a member of the Urogynecology Committee AOFOG. And, Pelvic Floor Ultrasound Fellowship Training Program.

Osanna Yee Ki Wan (Presenter)


Dr Osanna Yee Ki Wan is a subspecialist in Urogynaecology. She is currently an associate consultant in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong. She is also an honorary Clinical Assistant Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. She is also a council member of the Hong Kong Urogynaecology Association and a reviewer of the International Urogynaecology Journal.  She has a special interest in endoanal ultrasound and perineal scans with multiple publications on urogynaecology and general gynaecology.